Gastroscopy is a procedure to examine the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. The procedure is usually done under sedation so that you are comfortable throughout. While you are asleep a thin, flexible tube is passed through your mouth into the oesophagus and then into the stomach. The most common reasons for having a gastroscopy are to investigate symptoms of reflux, abdominal pain, diarrhoea or any other suspected condition of the oesophagus, stomach or duodenum. Samples (biopsies) are usually taken from the lining of the duodenum, stomach and/or oesophagus during the procedure. Sometimes polyps are removed or other interventions such as treatment of bleeding ulcers or dilatation (stretching) of the oesophagus.
Gastroscopy is often performed at the same time as colonoscopy and if so the preparation, what happens on the day and your recovery are the same as for colonoscopy alone.